The commission appears to have been almost as stunned by the result as the Congressmen who were allowed to watch it. In an interview with the Alsop brothers Mr Petersen said that after a survey of the likely effects of nuclear bombing on the 67 largest American cities, he had concluded that nine million people would be instantly killed and another 22,, would be seriously wounded. This survey was done on the calculation that the worst would happen. So thinks the Pentagon, which has either deduced or learned from the Atomic Energy Commission that the explosion was about three times as powerful as the scientists had anticipated. This miscalculation would be reason enough for the Commission to withhold all public information about the test. And if it had not been for the grim, and as it now appears freakish, accident to the Japanese fishermen, nobody outside the Commission and the Chiefs of Staff would have been aware that we had reached the point when the first act of aggression against any modern industrial State could be the final act of extermination. The Air Force has assured Mr Petersen that in less than two years the continental radar network will be able to give a two-hour alert to most American cities.
The Tests That Showed the World the Horrifying Power of Nuclear Weapons
Bikini Atoll Is More Radioactive Than Chernobyl, Thanks To Nuclear Bomb Tests | IFLScience
The atoll's inhabitants were relocated in , after which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until Three families were resettled on Bikini island in , totaling about residents. But scientists found dangerously high levels of strontium in well water in May , and the residents were carrying abnormally high concentrations of caesium in their bodies. They were removed in The atoll is occasionally visited today by divers and a few scientists, and is occupied by a handful of caretakers. The island's English name is derived from the German colonial name Bikini given to the atoll when it was part of German New Guinea. Bikini islanders' traditional lifestyle was based on cultivating plants and eating shellfish and fish.
Bikini Atoll might sound like an idyllic island getaway, but any visitors would be better off wearing a biohazard suit than swimwear, as the nuclear fallout from tests carried out by the US military over 60 years ago has left parts of the Marshall Islands more radioactive than Chernobyl. In the aftermath of the hydrogen bombs that devastated Hiroshima and Nagasaki in , the US and Soviet governments entered into a nuclear arms race that became known as the Cold War. Like rival baboons trying to intimidate each other with the size of their bottoms, neither side ever actually pushed the button, but both engaged in some serious nuclear posturing, setting off mushroom clouds in remote testing sites as a display of their might and stupidity. Between and , the US conducted almost 70 nuclear bomb tests in the Marshall Islands, a chain of atolls and volcanic islands in the central Pacific Ocean, roughly halfway between Hawaii and the Philippines. The explosion completely vaporized a nearby artificial island and left a crater measuring 1.
The nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll program was a series of 23 nuclear weapons detonated by the United States between and at seven test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air, and underwater. The United States was engaged in a Cold War nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union to build more advanced bombs from until The second was Baker and was suspended under a barge. It produced a large Wilson cloud and contaminated all of the target ships. Chemist Glenn T.